Source code file content
17477111 resync manpages from docs group
Size: 4628 bytes, 1 line
.. CDDL HEADER START
.. The contents of this file are subject to the terms of the
Common Development and Distribution License (the "License").
You may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
.. You can obtain a copy of the license at usr/src/OPENSOLARIS.LICENSE
See the License for the specific language governing permissions
and limitations under the License.
.. When distributing Covered Code, include this CDDL HEADER in each
file and include the License file at usr/src/OPENSOLARIS.LICENSE.
If applicable, add the following below this CDDL HEADER, with the
fields enclosed by brackets "" replaced with your own identifying
information: Portions Copyright [yyyy] [name of copyright owner]
.. CDDL HEADER END
.. Copyright (c) 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
This chapter provides an overview of the software package lifecycle with IPS.
Software packages go through a detailed lifecycle with IPS. Understanding
the various phases of the package lifecycle will help the developer and
administrator optimize their results. The following sections provide a
high-level description of each state in the package lifecycle:
Packages can be created by anybody. IPS does not impose any particular
software build system or directory hierarchy on the part of package
authors. More detail about package creation is available in *Chapter 4*.
Aspects of package creation are discussed throughout the remaining
chapters of this guide.
Packages are published to an IPS repository, either via HTTP or
to the file system. If desired, once packages are published they can
converted to a ``.p5p`` package archive file. To access software from an IPS
repository, the repository can be added to the system, using the
``pkg set-publisher`` command, or accessed as a temporary source, using the
``-g`` flag to |pkg|. Examples of package publication are shown in
Packages can be installed on a system, either from an IPS repository,
accessed over http://, https:// or file:// URLs, or installed directly
from a ``.p5p`` package archive. Package installation is described in more
detail in *Chapter 5*.
Updated versions of packages might become available, either
published to an IPS repository, or delivered as a new ``.p5p`` package
Installed packages can then be brought up to date, either individually,
or as part of an entire system update.
It is important to note that IPS does not use the same concept of
"patching" as the SVR4 packaging system did: all changes to packaged
software are delivered by updated packages.
The packaging system is optimized to install only the changed portions
delivered by an updated package, but essentially, package
updates are performed in much the same way as package installs. Package
updating is described in more detail in *Chapter 5*.
During a package's lifecycle, it might be desirable to rename a package.
Often this is done for organizational reasons or to refactor packages.
Examples of package refactoring would be where there is an interest in
combining several packages into a single package, breaking a single
package into multiple smaller packages, or a combination of the two.
IPS gracefully handles actions that move between packages, and has
capabilities to allow old package names to persist on the system,
automatically installing the new packages when a user asks to install
a renamed package. Package renaming is described in more detail in
Eventually a package might reach the end of its life. A package
publisher might decide that a package will no longer be supported,
and that it will not have any more updates made available. IPS
allows publishers to mark such packages as obsolete.
Obsolete packages can no longer be used as a target for most
dependencies from other packages, and any packages upgraded to an
obsolete version are automatically removed from the system. Package
obsoletion is described in more detail in *Chapter 10*.
Finally, a package can be removed from the system assuming that no other
packages have dependencies on it. Package removal is described in more
detail in *Chapter 5*.