Source code file content
Added tag s12b53 for changeset 9cf5867f8044
Size: 6569 bytes, 1 line
2.1. Image types
Each collection of installed package instances is some kind of
image. We envision three kinds:
- entire images
An entire image contains (and can contain) all appropriate
packages from a repository. It has a machine type and release.
- partial images
A partial image contains (and can contain) all appropriate
packages from a repository. An partial image is tied to an
entire image and has an identified list of non-writeable
directory paths. It inherits its machine type and release.
- user images
A user image consists entirely of relocatable packages. It is
tied to an entire image for dependency satisfaction of
non-relocatable packages. It inherits its machine type and
2.2. Image configuration
2.2.1. Configuration inheritance
Some aspects of configuration can be shared between all images. For
instance, a user image may specify publishers beyond those encoded
into the system defaults. So, a user image must have authoritative
configuration, but be able to draw on the parent image's state for
Operations on partial images and non-live entire images may need to
access image configuration data when smf(5) for that image is
unavailable. So images of these kinds must have cached
Roughly, these aspects are sufficient to constrain our configuration
behaviour for user and entire images:
look up local configuration
if undefined, request properties from svc://application/pkg
if unavailable, examine parent's configuration cache
if undefined or unavailable, use hard-coded default
request properties from svc://application/pkg
if unavailable, examine configuration cache
if undefined or unavailable, use hard-coded default
Partial images could have differing behaviour depending on whether
the operation is invoked from within the partial image's "packaging
context" (as it would be for an operation issued from within the
zone), or outside it (operations on the entire image and its
associated partial images).
For the first case, the configuration strategy is the same as that
for an entire image. For the second case, we could do
[partial image, external context]
examine partial image configuration cache
if unavailable, request properties from svc://application/pkg
if undefined or unavailable, examine entire image configuration
if undefined, use hard-coded default
For certain properties (or even certain packages), it may be
inappropriate to let the partial image configurations drift from
that of the entire image.
2.2.2. Configuration components
List of publishers. For each publisher, we have a prefix, an
origin URL, a list of mirror URLs, and annotations.
publisher_[escaped_name]/ Property group of type "com.sun.pkg,publisher"
/prefix pkg: publisher
/origin http:, https:, or ftp: URL
/mirrors list of URLs
/disabled boolean indicating whether publisher should be used
Image properties. The image has a collection of simple properties,
like machine type and policies that control the behavior of the pkg(5)
software within that image. Policies are properties with a boolean value.
/pursue-latest (not currently used)
/require-optional (not currently used)
/display-copyrights (not currently used)
should downloaded compressed files be removed
after a successful install
/preferred-publisher preferred publisher for unknown package lookups
/title title of image for use in GUIs and other UIs
/description longer description of the content of the image
Entire images have a property group for each tied partial image.
partial_[escaped_name]/ Property group of type "com.sun.pkg,partial"
/path Filesystem path
/vdomainname Defined if this image is a virtual
domain controlled on this system.
/vdomaintype "xen", "zone", ...
(XXX Should we instead assume that each of Zones and Xen will
acquire service FMRIs per zone/domain?)
2.3 Image-filesystem interactions
The intent is to utilize snapshot-capable filesystems to provide a
rollback mechanism that includes both the pkg(1M)-driven
modifications as well as subsequent modifications from configuration
methods, etc. In most cases, we are considering a filesystem with
capabilities similar to ZFS.
XXX Is fssnap_ufs(1M) sufficient to build something meaningful for
With appropriate policies set, the image plan, prior to execution
must snapshot the involved filesystems.
There seem to be two options:
1. The image can build its list of filesystems and types (plus
other attributes, like mutability.
2. A list of filesystems is given to each package plan, the package
plan then evaluates its proposed actions against that list, and
offers a method to return the affected subset of the list.
In this case, we must also determine whether or not we are
restricted to clones (because one or more packages in the image
plan require kernel-restart) or are potentially live.
XXX Either of these approaches is applicable in the image/substrate
model, where the substrate owns the low-level properties specific to
a particular "place to write data".
In the case that one or more filesystems in the image is or are not
capable of snapshots, we have two choices:
- take no snapshot, as image-revert not possible in any safe or
- take a set of snapshots that lead to a revert point that requires
We must warn about images of this kind, unless policy settings allow
us otherwise. Since we want to allow and understand "zfs
split"-style operations , we also need to determine if a snapshot
set taken before a split can sensibly be restored after the split
 (The zfs split RFE.)